STEEL STRUCTURE Terminology Commonly Used in the Metal Building Industry

Accessory: A building product which supplements a basic solid panel building such as a door, window, light transmitting panel, roof vent, cupola, soffit, wainscot, overhang, etc.

Agricultural Building: A structure designed and constructed to house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, livestock, or other agricultural products. Such structures should not include: spaces meant for habitation or to be occupied, spaces in which agricultural products are processed, treated, or the possibility of being as a place of occupancy by the general public.

Anchor Bolts: Bolts used to anchor members to a foundation or other support.

Anchor Bolt Plan: A plan view drawing showing the diameter, location, and projection of all anchor bolts for the components of the metal building system and may show column reactions (magnitude and direction). The maximum base plate dimensions may also be shown.

Approval Drawings: A set of drawings that may include framing plans, elevations, and sections through the building for approval of the dealer.

ASD: Allowable Stress Design.

Assembly: A group of mutually dependent and compatible components or subassemblies of components.

Astragal: A closure between the two leaves of a double swing or double slide door.

Bar Joist: A name commonly used for open web steel joist.

Base Angle: An angle secured to a wall or foundation used to attach the bottom of the wall paneling.

Base Plate: A plate attached to the bottom of the column, which rests on a foundation or other support, usually secured by anchor bolts.

Bay: The space between the main frames measured normal to the frame.

Beam and Column: A structural system consisting of a series of rafter beams supported by columns. Often used as the end frame of an I-beam building.

Bearing End Frame: “See Beam and Column”

Bearing Plate: A steel plate that is set on top of a masonry support on which a beam or purlin can rest.

Bill of Materials: A list that enumerates by part number or description each piece of material or assembly to be shipped. Also called tally sheet or shipping list.

Bird Screen: Wire mesh used to prevent birds from entering the building through ventilators and louvers.

Blind Rivet: A small headed pin with expandable shank for joining light gauge metal. Typically it is used to attach flashing, gutters, etc.

Bracing: Rods, angles, or cables used in the plane of the roof and walls to transfer loads, such as wind, seismic, and crane thrusts to the foundation.


Post time: Dec-07-2018

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